Kava is the root of the Piper methysticum and holds a deep cultural significance in the Pacific. In Fiji kava is a sacred root and has been used for centuries for ceremonial purpose and more recently (over the last hundred years) as a social drink. 

Some of the various uses of kava can be categorised below:

  1. Ceremonial Drink: Kava, made from the roots of the Piper methysticum plant, serves as a traditional ceremonial drink in Fiji. It's often consumed during formal gatherings, community events, symbolizing unity, respect, and reconciliation. 

  2. Social Bonding: Sharing kava fosters social cohesion and strengthens bonds within communities. The act of drinking kava together encourages conversation, storytelling, and the sharing of knowledge, promoting a sense of belonging and camaraderie.

  3. Cultural Rituals: Kava plays a central role in various cultural rituals and ceremonies, including weddings, funerals, and traditional ceremonies like the "sevusevu" ceremony, where visitors present kava as a sign of respect when entering into an agreement.

  4. Medicinal and Spiritual Importance: In addition to its cultural significance, kava is valued for its medicinal properties and spiritual significance. It's believed to have calming and relaxing effects, aiding in stress relief and promoting mental clarity. In some instances, kava is used in spiritual ceremonies to connect with ancestors or as an offering to deities.

  5. Economic Importance: Kava cultivation and trade contribute to Fiji's economy, providing livelihoods for many local farmers and traders. The export of kava to other countries also generates revenue, highlighting its economic importance beyond cultural and social realms.

  6. Symbol of Identity: Kava is deeply intertwined with Fijian identity and heritage, representing a connection to the land, traditions, and ancestors. Its presence in various aspects of Fijian life underscores its enduring significance as a cultural icon.

Overall, kava holds multifaceted significance in Fiji, encompassing cultural, social, economic, and spiritual dimensions, making it a cherished and integral aspect of Fijian society.